An atom model surrounded by scientific tools like a microscope, telescope, and test tubes Overview of Science

Elements of Science

An atom model surrounded by scientific tools like a microscope, telescope, and test tubes


Science is the systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. It has several branches that range from the study of the stars to the structure of atoms.

Scientific Method

The cornerstone of science is the scientific method—a systematic approach to gathering data and reasoning that allows for measurable and empirical evidence. To learn more about this methodology, see


Physics explores the fundamental particles and forces of the universe. It includes the study of matter, energy, space, and time. Concepts such as gravity, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics fall under this domain. For more, read

Realm of Physics

A chalkboard with equations representing the realm of physics


Chemistry is the study of matter, specifically its properties, composition, structure, and reactions. This field has numerous applications, from healthcare to manufacturing. For a deeper dive, see


Biology deals with the study of living organisms and their interactions with each other and the environment. Subfields include genetics, ecology, and physiology. To explore further, visit

Earth Sciences

Earth sciences encompass the study of the Earth and its atmosphere, including geology, meteorology, and oceanography. Understanding these disciplines is crucial for addressing issues like climate change. Learn more in

Layers of Earth Sciences

A globe with geological layers and atmospheric phenomena

Astronomy and Cosmology

Astronomy is the study of celestial objects, while cosmology explores the origins and ultimate fate of the universe. For more details, consult

Social Sciences

Though primarily concerned with human behavior and societies, social sciences like psychology, sociology, and economics often employ scientific methods for research. Read more at

Applied Sciences

Applied sciences involve the practical application of scientific knowledge. Fields like engineering, technology, and medicine are considered applied sciences. Learn more by visiting

The Intersection of Science and Ethics

Scientific advancements often pose ethical questions, such as in the fields of genetics or artificial intelligence. To delve into these challenges, see


Science is an ever-expanding field that seeks to understand the complexities of the universe. Its many branches offer endless opportunities for study, discovery, and practical application.

Pursuit of Scientific Knowledge

A rocket launching, symbolizing the pursuit of knowledge in science